Agnes Metcalfe

Educational Scientist

Image courtesy of Gray’s Inn

  • BORN 1870, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire
  • DIED 6th November 1923, Combe Down, Bath, England
  • WORKED 1897-1905: Headmistress of Stroud Green School, living in Hornsey; 1905-07: First Headmistress of new Sydenham County Council School; 1907: HMI of schools, probably living near Greenwich
  • HONOURS Metcalfe received no formal public honours, perhaps due to her suffrage activities, but her appointment as Head of the new school at Sydenham and as a School Board Inspector of Secondary Schools reflected the high esteem in which she was held in her profession.

Artistic Connections

Agnes Metcalfe was a persuasive and accomplished writer. In her obituary published in 1923 in “The Vote” her work as a chronicler of suffrage is described thus: “It was with a gifted pen that she rendered her greatest service”. It seemed that her second book Women’s Effort told the story of the great struggle so ably as to gain the support and sympathy of many erstwhile opponents”.

One purely artistic endeavour was in the writing of a delightful little dog story, “The Memoirs of a Mongrel”, the hero of which was at one time a well-known canine character about town – and Greenwich Police Court!


Title:  Agnes Metcalfe – To My Fellow Country Women
Additional Music: The March of the Women by Ethel Smyth
Written in: June 2019
For: Speakers, solo voice and choir
Performed by: Dr Patricia Fara, (introduction speaker), Frances M Lynch (all other voices and dogs!)
First Performed: Stroud Green Festival, June 13th 2019

This is the whole story of Agnes Metcalfe. I begin with the dedication she wrote on the front of her first book on Suffrage: –

This first section moves into an arrangement of The March of the Women by Ethel Smyth whose connections to Agnes are explored through the song. The final section is based on her book for children about a dog named Kim – “Memoirs of a Mongrel” by Himself, and the supposition that this dog may well have been at the centre of her protest in court. She refused to pay her dog licence – NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION –  and so eloquently defended herself  that the judge let her off with a modest fine (others received jail sentences)

The full text is available here


Agnes had a least two sisters (one called Dorothy), and as she came from a professional family of solicitors, it seems likely they were well educated either at home or at a local school in Wisbech.

Postcard showing her childhood home – Inglethorpe Hall, Wisbech in 1907

Later, she attended Cheltenham Ladies College, where she gained an external BSc in science from the University of London



Cheltenham Ladies’ College – transitioning directly from being a pupil.
Head of Stroud Green School, London

Educational Pioneer

Headmistress of the new County School at Sydenham. She travelled all over the country as His Majesty’s Inspector of Education. Her paper on French education for girls was published by the Board of Education


An examiner for London University as a B.Sc. graduate.


Ardent campaigner, chronicler and member of the Tax Resistance League


She tried but failed to be accepted at the Bar because she was a woman, but she defended herself (and was congratulated on her eloquence by the judge) when she was fined for refusing to pay taxes without representation.

Scientific Achievement

  • She was admired as a great pioneer in women’s education.
  • She endowed a postgraduate scholarship for women to study economic and industrial problems – Metcalfe Studentships for Women at London School of Economics

Did You Know?

It seems her home was used as a safe house for fugitives:

Miss Metcalfe’s residence, 2, Hill Rise, Forest Hill, was at times used by those brave people who were at one time known as “Mice” and on a certain occasion one of them had a very narrow escape, for while the “Cats” (the servants of law and order) were but a few paces away and hunting, the “mouse” was almost carried out of the house, wearing the well-known hat of another well-known suffragette.

Metcalfe recalled this incident on her death bed:

She was a stalwart member of the Tax Resistance League, which protested that women who could not vote should not be liable for tax. In 1913, she was fined for refusing to pay a dog-license fee, and a valuable brooch was taken from her in payment. Because she knew that it would be sold for a fraction of its real value she told some working women to attend the sale and benefit by buying it cheaply.

An Inspiring Woman

Front Cover of Agnes Metcalfe’s Book, ‘Women’s Effort’ (Source: Gray’s Inn)

Esteemed by many women as a reforming campaigner, she also inspired younger women and exerted a long-lasting influence through her educational innovations and her suffrage activities.

She wrote three books on the political rights of women.

    • In her 1917 book, Woman’s Effort: a chronicle of British Women’s fifty years’ struggle for citizenship, 1865-1914,( illustrated by reproductions of some cartoons from the pages of Punch) she protested about force-feeding of women in prisons. It was circulated widely among Members of Parliament.
    • The forward of her 1918 book, Woman: A citizen, was written by Beatrice Webb, a leading social reformer, Fabian Society member, co-founder of the London School of Economics and prolific diarist.
    • In 1919 the final book in the series was published, suitably entitled “At Last”: conclusion of “Woman’s Effort.”