Maureen Young

Conservation Scientist and Geologist

Image by Historic Environment Scotland

  • BORN 1962, Paisley, Scotland, UK
  • WORKED Dundee University, Geology Dept.; Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, School of the Built Environment; Historic Environment Scotland, based in Edinburgh; The Engine Shed, Stirling (currently)
  • HONOURS I have a BSc (Hons) in Geology from Glasgow University, an MSc in Geochemistry from Leeds University and a PhD from Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen on biological colonisation of building stone.

Artistic Connections

I got involved in this project when one of my colleagues told me there was this mad idea for celebrating superwomen of science and turning our conservation science data into music. I have no musical experience and had never conceived of such a thing, but the more I thought about it the more intrigued I became. Science data is full of themes, patterns and variations – the same concepts that musicians work with, and an enormously fertile area for what initially seemed like an outlandish collaboration.


Title: Salt Tears
Music: FRANCES M LYNCH in collaboration with Dr Maureen Young
Words by: Frances M Lynch, The Engine Shed Scientist’s data, Alexander Lindsay, John Willcock, Archibald 9th Earl of Argyll, Lady Anna Mackenzie
Additional Music: “Bonnie Isle O’ Whalsay” traditional tune for Lady Sophia Lindsay Scottish country dance created by Jean Attwood Alexander
Written in: 2018
For: Solo Mezzo, Baritone and Mixed Voices
Performed by: Margaret Cameron, Gwion Thomas and Frances M Lynch
First Performance: The Engine Shed, Stirling, September 18th 2018

The music is created from a number of different sources, but primarily from Data provided by Dr Maureen Young relating to the work she is involved with at the Argyle Tower in Edinburgh Castle.
The data is part of the work that Historic Environment Scotland carries out to conserve and restore their buildings,and involves Thermal Imaging, Moisture Analysis and  Salt Analysis.

The story is that of Lady Sophia Lindsay who was the step-daughter of the 9th Earl of Argyll after whom the Tower is named. He is said to have been held beneath where this tower now stands during his various imprisonments at Edinburgh Castle.
The links with Stirling do not just come from the Engine Shed where the conservation scientists are based, but from Argyll’s Lodging, another HES property very close to Stirling Castle where the Earl lived with his second wife, Lady Anna Mackenzie and her daughters – one of whom was Sophia. Her courage in bringing a servant to the Tower who swapped places with Argyll, allowing him to go free, almost led to a public flogging, commuted to imprisonment. She suffered a great deal for Argyll and eventually, at a late stage in life, married his son Charles, but they had no offspring.

The composer acknowledges support from Creative Scotland, Historic Environment Scotland and the Scotland Foundation towards the writing and first performance of this score. The composition was also supported by Hope Scott Trust. Frances M Lynch is supported by PRS Foundation’s The Open Fund for Music Creators. The performance was also supported by the Ambache Charitable Trust.


PRS Foundation Logo

Ambache Charitable Trust Logo

Title:     The Secrets of the Engine Shed

Part 1 “The rise of the Engine Shed”

  1. ‘Materials’
  2. ‘Tools’
  3. ‘Life in the Shed’

Part 2 “The Fall of the Engine Shed”

  1. ‘The Natural Fall of the Engine Shed’
  2. ‘Mankind Made it Crumble’
  3. ‘The Empty Shed’

Part 3 “The Rise of the Engine Shed”

Composers: Frances M Lynch and children from Raploch Primary (Part 1 “The rise of the Engine Shed”) and Riverside Primary (Part 2- “The Fall of the Engine Shed”)
Written in: September 2018
For: Mixed Voices
Performed by: the composers
First Performed: Stirling, The Engine Shed, 18th September 2018

The children visited us at the Engine Shed to learn about the history of the building and the conservation science which now takes place within its walls. The composers started with how it was built, what kind of things it was used for, how it decayed and how Historic Environment Scotland brought it back to life.



I was always interested in science and from my earliest school years I had never considered any other career. I was fascinated by TV documentary series’ and scientific books – anything on a science, astronomy, biological or engineering theme – showing how the application of scientific techniques can reveal deep truths about the complex interactions in the world around us, making unexpected connections between seemingly unconnected things. Carl Sagan’s TV series and books were a particular inspiration and I was lucky enough to attend the series of Gifford Lectures he gave at Glasgow University in 1985 on the theme of “The search for who we are” where he gave a personal account of how he perceived the relationship between scientific knowledge and humanity’s place in the cosmos.

When I went to University I decided to specialise in Geology. The ‘stone’ connection eventually led me into the historic built environment and to my current position as a conservation scientist in Historic Environment Scotland, providing scientific support for colleagues who do the hands-on conservation work that preserves our heritage for future generations.


I once stood on the head of President George Washington! I was part of the team laser scanning Mount Rushmore National Memorial in USA. We had to set up laser scanners on tripods on and around the president’s heads, so I also got to sit under Roosevelt’s chin.

Maureen and Frances in discussion

Maureen shows Frances the x-ray diffraction machine